Because gum disease is often painless & requires specific examination procedures to detect it, a patient may unknowingly have it for years. Unless it is in an advanced stage, gum disease cannot be detected with just a visual oral examination. The dentist must perform a special examination that measures the pockets (the space between tooth & gum) with a periodontal probe to discover early-stage gum disease. Other signs of gum disease include bleeding gums, redness of gum tissue, gum swelling around teeth, bad breath, receding gums & loose teeth.
The procedure to correct the problem is short, simple & painless. It is important to detect & treat gum disease in its early stages to prevent tooth loss & disfigurement.